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mac



Joined: 07 Mar 1999
Posts: 9871

PostPosted: Sun Feb 04, 2018 6:15 pm    Post subject: Immigration Reply with quote

From a Republican friend of mine in the SF Chronicle.

Quote:
The battle lines over immigration extend across a broad front: secure borders, walls, sanctuary cities, “Dreamers,” undocumented workers, and national security are debated with sustained ferocity. But whatever your views, the benefits of one kind of immigration should cause little argument: educated people with advanced skills that are hard to find in the United States and are needed by U.S. companies. This is also an area that could enjoy genuine bipartisan support.

Conversely, policies that would pull up the drawbridge and shut out talent will harm American competitiveness and our ability to create jobs.

For years, American companies have made extensive use of H-1B visas to fill critical skills gaps. Many of those workers later achieve permanent residence through green cards. Large technology companies have been the primary beneficiaries, but many H-1Bs are also used in the health care industry, by midsize companies, and even startups. Through these visas, American companies have attracted some of the world’s best talent.

The visa program has been wildly popular, with its annual cap of 85,000 filled within days. Competition for green cards (permanent residence), which many H-1B holders later apply for, is even more intense, involving waits of up to 10 years.

We need these people and their skills, but the program also needs reform. Some entry-level workers, while qualified, don’t have extraordinary skills. Many are paid less than comparable U.S. workers: $65,000 versus $130,000 for an engineer in Silicon Valley. And playing cost arbitrage, some employers have used visa holders to replace U.S. workers. That’s not what the program was created for.

Going forward, it should refocus on what it was designed to do: help U.S. companies attract global talent, supplementing but not replacing qualified American workers. Some companies that previously relied solely on “offshoring” information technology work have adopted new approaches that focus on growing information-technology talent in the United States. Infosys, for example, plans to create 10,000 “net new jobs” in the United States, building an American talent pool through partnerships with academic institutions. Behind this new model are U.S. companies that want more local hires. This takes us in the right direction.


But the Trump administration isn’t waiting. Under President Trump’s “hire American, buy American” executive order, the federal government is intensifying the review of H-1B applications, and limiting extensions (which are granted for up to four years, usually while visa holders wait for green cards). A related regulatory change would rescind the ability of spouses of H-1B holders to work. Yet another change affecting skilled immigration could come if the Trump administration terminates the International Entrepreneur Rule, an Obama-era regulation that lets foreign entrepreneurs who found companies extend their stay in the United States. These are regulatory changes, however, and the program’s future is ultimately up to congressional lawmakers.

Any high-skill-visa reform should include these goals:

•Continue the H-1B program and allow its numerical cap to float to meet demand.

•Support the existing 20,000 set-aside under the cap for holders of advanced degrees from U.S. universities.

•Give visa holders the freedom to move between employers, and spouses the ability to work.


• Ensure that applicants bring high-quality, hard-to-find skills that meet demonstrated needs.

•Contain costs and administrative complexity for applicants.

•Provide stronger protections for American workers to preclude their displacement.

•Support STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education and retraining for U.S. workers.

•Phase in changes, to limit disruption for workers and businesses.

•Help retain long-term talent by increasing the number of employment-based green cards.

•Create an entrepreneur visa for immigrant entrepreneurs who want to start U.S. companies.

Bills on skilled immigration are pending in the House and Senate, and a new bill by Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, called the Immigration Innovation Act of 2018, was introduced last month. Though not perfect, it’s the best by far and achieves these objectives in a balanced way. Congressional representatives from both parties should support it.

How we manage skilled immigration matters. In contrast to aging countries like Japan that have slow growth but severely limited immigration, much of our economic strength is linked to immigration. According to the Kauffman Foundation, immigrant entrepreneurs are twice as likely to start businesses as native-born Americans; more than half of America’s billion-dollar startups have an immigrant co-founder; and 16 percent of the U.S. college-educated population is foreign born. The nonpartisan Center for American Entrepreneurship finds that 43 percent of companies in the Fortune 500 were founded or co-founded by an immigrant or the child of an immigrant; for the top 35 companies, the share is 35 percent. These companies aren’t just in tech centers like the Bay Area, but are found in cities and states across the country.


Retaining and reforming the H-1B visa program will support employment and help us keep our edge. And welcoming international entrepreneurs who create those jobs will take us into the future. Silicon Valley companies have much to gain, but so does the country. This should be a priority for the president and both parties.

Sean Randolph is senior director at the Bay Area Council Economic Institute. To comment, submit your letter to the editor at SFChronicle.com/letters.


Demagogues have railed against immigrants for over 150 years. But the fact is that America's higher educational system still draws the best from around the world, and many stay on to build the economy--and win Nobel prizes.

Quote:
In 2016, all six American winners of the Nobel Prize in economics and scientific fields were immigrants. Moreover, since 2000, immigrants have been awarded 40 percent, or 31 of 78, of the Nobel Prizes won by Americans in Chemistry, Medicine and Physics, according to research from the National Foundation for American Policy.
From Forbes
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jpbassman



Joined: 19 May 1998
Posts: 3255
Location: Leo

PostPosted: Mon Feb 05, 2018 10:48 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

When was the last time you worked in the corporate world JimmyMac?

H1B has gone way beyond filling the gap. Asians are taking all the finance positions and Indians all the I.T. positions.

Come down off your throne and look around at real people having to work for a living you pompous windbag.

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mat-ty



Joined: 07 Jul 2007
Posts: 3277

PostPosted: Mon Feb 05, 2018 11:12 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

jpbassman wrote:
When was the last time you worked in the corporate world JimmyMac?

H1B has gone way beyond filling the gap. Asians are taking all the finance positions and Indians all the I.T. positions.

Come down off your throne and look around at real people having to work for a living you pompous windbag.


Not to mention they are forced to train them before getting the axe.
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boggsman1



Joined: 24 Jun 2002
Posts: 5878
Location: at a computer

PostPosted: Mon Feb 05, 2018 11:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

jpbassman wrote:
When was the last time you worked in the corporate world JimmyMac?

H1B has gone way beyond filling the gap. Asians are taking all the finance positions and Indians all the I.T. positions.

Come down off your throne and look around at real people having to work for a living you pompous windbag.

Silicon Valley is the definition of a competitive job market for IT. India graduates 10X the engineers we do. Its an open competition, and nobody is "taking" anything, the best man/woman will win the position based on their abilities...
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mac



Joined: 07 Mar 1999
Posts: 9871

PostPosted: Mon Feb 05, 2018 9:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Boggsy—you just don’t watch enough Fox. Somehow conservatives think that having some of the smartest people from other countries come here to get an education, and stay and build companies and pay taxes, is a bad thing.
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